The Templars were the first owners of this mountain, which currently hosts one of the most impressive Easter traditions in Mallorca.
The oratory that now crowns El Calvari, a Baroque cloister built in the late 18th century, is in excellent shape due to extensive restoration in the 1960s. The stairway leading up to it was built mostly in the late 19th and early 20th century.
El Calvari not only offers superb views of the city of Pollença, it is one of the most emblematic places of the area, thanks to its impressive stairway. It consists of 365 steps, one for every day of the year, and is flanked by cypresses and 14 crosses three meters high each. According to Christian tradition, the crosses represent the calvary suffered by Jesus Christ on his way to Golgotha, where he was crucified.
It is in memory of this event that every Good Friday, the Calvari and its stairway host the Descent, one of the most important Easter events in Mallorca. A carving of Christ is detached from the cross and carried in procession down the steps to the church of Our Lady of Angels (patron saint of Pollença). The procession is lit by the candles held by the members of the different fraternities.