We continue our spatiotemporal trip through the historical monuments of Alcudia. During last stage we stayed at the roman Alcudia, more known as Pol.lentia.
The islamic Al - Qudya:
Even though there were other first contacts with the Muslim world in Mallorca, the definite arrival happened when they finally established in the island in the year 903. It then ended with the arrival of King Jaime I the Conqueror. The governor was Isam Al-Jawlani, and he had the job to reorganize the island and convert its people completely to Islam. The capital was Medina Mayurqa, which corresponds to the city of Palma, and the rest of the island was organized in districts and farmsteads that were dependent of the capital. It was during the Muslim occupation where the name of Al-Qudya (which means hill) first appeared. Overtime the name has evolved to Alcudia.
The Muslims implanted new irrigation techniques in the Balearic Islands which significantly improved the agriculture and so they were able to introduce new crops like rice or cotton. Unfortunately, after the many occupations that the Balearic Islands suffered, currently there are no historical monuments left from that time. All that is left is the name of the municipality and some of the words inherited from the Arabic and adopted by the Mallorquin.
For a better knowledge of Mallorca during this time, we recommend you to visit Palma’s old town where you can find the Arab Baths.
The kingdom of Mallorca:
Jaime I the Conqueror snatched the Balearic Islands from the Muslims and established the new laws, tongue, customs and culture that have made the islands evolve towards what they are now. It was on a 5th of September when the ships of Jaime I left the city of Cambrills sailing towards Mallorca, where they landed five days later. The landing happened on the beach of Santa Ponça, fact that is recreated every year during the fiestas of this municipality. It was not until the 31st of December 1229, when the Catalan troops made it into the Capital Medina Mayurqa. Once they had ended the Muslim occupation, the Christians distributed the land again. This distribution is reflected in a book called Llibre del Repartiment (1232).
With the subsequent reign of Jaime II, Alcudia reached the designation of Vila, and it initiates the construction of walls to protect the Northwest of the island. The construction of the walls finished in 1363.
What: Christian walls of Alcudia
When: open permanently
How much: just your time
Where: Historical centre of Alcudia